Mining has been blamed globally for harmful and impoverishing effects. Most countries are rich sources of the gemstone, yet there is very little development, since miners, and those around mining sites, still live in poverty. This premise formed the purpose of this study and led the researcher to assess the impacts of mining on people living around mining areas on the aspects of their socio-cultural dynamics, livelihood and environmental conditions. This study was done at Mwatate sub-county in Taita Taveta County. Specific mining areas were Kamtonga and Mkuki.