Implementation of Participatory Forest Management Regime in Kenya; A Comparative Study of Urban and Rural Forests

Victor K. Boiyo, Jane Mutune and Kiemo Karatu

Community participation in natural resource management is a subject influenced by several factors. One of the areas that have received focus in the study of community and environment is socioeconomic and socio demographic factors that influence community's environmental concern modelled around rural urban settlements. This study aims to explore how the rural and urban social structure influences determinants of community participation in forest management. Ngong Road Forest in Nairobi City County and Kiptuget forest in Baringo County were purposefully selected to represent urban and rural forests respectively. Data was collected through administration of questionnaires, interviews, participants' observation review of PFM technical reports, peer reviewed articles, publications, books and journals. Analysis of data was done by use of frequencies, percentages, cross tabulation and t-test. The study found out that urban forests had more motivating factors as compared to rural forest. It was also established that urban forest had done more in the implementation of forest conservation and income generating activities as compared to rural forest. The study recommends that the state agency should work to identify ways and means necessary to inform diversification of forest activities in forests particularly those in rural areas Kenya. Furthermore, investment should be done to enhance capacity of community to implement planned forest conservation and livelihood.